What are Vitamins | Thirteen Types of Vitamins with sources functions and deficiency Diseases



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Vitamins
Vitamins are found in natural foods which are important for the normal growth and maintenance of the body. These are organic compounds and vitamin is the word originated from Latin words- Vita and amine meaning life and Nitrogen, respectively. Vitamins help in the generation of energy as they utilize carbohydrates and fats appropriately in the form of a catalyst. Vitamins are essential for the human’s survival and the human body cannot produce most of them by its own, only vitamin D and vitamin B3 are known to be produced. Major sources of food that contain vitamins include meat, fruits and leafy vegetables.


Types of Vitamins
Two kinds of vitamins are as follows:

Fat-Soluble Vitamins- Vitamin A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble vitamins that can dissolve in fats and oils. These are absorbed along with fats in the diet and can be stored in the fatty tissues of the body. The main sources of these vitamins are plant and animal food as well as dietary supplements.

Water-Soluble Vitamins- Vitamin B and Vitamin C are water-soluble vitamins that dissolve in water and can be absorbed quickly by the body. These are carried to different body tissues but the body cannot store them. The examples of Vitamins belonging to this group include a variety of foods such as cereal grains, meat, eggs, milk, fish, poultry, legumes, and fresh vegetables (these contain Vitamin B-complex groups and. Citrus fruits, strawberries, peppers, kiwis, and broccoli are food sources of vitamin C.

List of Vitamins and Their Functions
This video highlights the importance of vitamins and the sources of food containing them. All vitamins, be they water-soluble or fat-soluble, play an important role in the proper functioning of the body. Also, deficiency diseases related to each of them are highlighted in this video.
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