Umbilical Hernias in Babies | Causes | Symptoms | Treatment | Dr. Armaghan Ahmed



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In this video, we will talk about Umbilical Hernias in Babies. We will discuss the following points;

What Are Umbilical Hernias?
Umbilical Hernia Causes
Umbilical Hernia Symptoms
Umbilical Hernia Diagnosis
Umbilical Hernia Treatment
Umbilical Hernia Complications
Umbilical Hernia Outlook

ناف کا ہرنیا: علامات، تشخیص اور علاج

Umbilical hernias are swollen bumps that appear when part of your intestines sticks out through your abdominal muscles near your navel. If your baby has a bulge around the belly button, they may have an umbilical hernia.

Before the umbilical cord falls off, you may notice that the area seems to stick out a little more when the baby cries. Or maybe, once the cord is gone, you see that their navel sticks out (an “outie,” as it’s commonly called). In some cases, even if you can’t see a bulge, you might be able to feel one.

While you’re pregnant, the umbilical cord is connected to your baby’s abdominal muscles through a small hole. This usually closes up after the baby’s born. When it doesn’t, the gap that’s left is called an umbilical hernia. If intestines and fluid poke through it, they cause the belly to bulge or swell.

Forget what you may have heard: The way the doctor cuts or clamps the cord when your child is born doesn’t affect whether an umbilical hernia will form or not.

It’s less common, but adults can also get umbilical hernias. Adult umbilical hernias often happen over time when abdominal pressure goes up. You might have this because of:

Chronic cough
Extra belly fluid
Problems urinating because of a large prostate
Constipation
Obesity
Straining in childbirth or weightlifting

You’ll be able to see the hernia most clearly when your child cries, coughs, or strains while trying to poop. That’s because all of these things put pressure on the abdomen. When your child rests, you might not be able to see the hernia. Usually, they don’t hurt.

Your child’s doctor can tell if there’s a hernia during a physical exam.

You’ll want to keep a close eye on your child’s hernia for signs that the intestine has been trapped in the hole and can’t go back in. Doctors call this an incarcerated hernia. Symptoms include:

Pain around the belly button area
Swelling in the area
Discoloration of the belly button area
Vomiting

In order to see if you’re dealing with an umbilical hernia, your doctor will feel and look at the area. They’ll also ask you for your symptom history. Your doctor may try to see if they can push the bulge of the hernia back into your abdomen. Sometimes a doctor may suggest you get a CT scan to check for complications.

Most umbilical hernias don’t need any treatment. Usually, the hole heals on its own by the time your child is 4 or 5 years old. Even if it doesn’t, it’ll likely get smaller. That’ll make surgery a bit easier.

You might think it looks like your child needs to have an operation, but their doctor might suggest you wait to see if the problem goes away on its own. If the hole is large, they may recommend surgery before your child turns 4 or 5.

Your doctor may also suggest surgery if the hernia is:

Painful
Larger than ½ to ¾ inch
Large and doesn’t get smaller in the first 2 years of life
Gets trapped or blocks intestines
The procedure is done in a hospital or outpatient surgery center. It takes about 45 minutes, and your child will be given anesthesia and won’t be awake.

The surgeon will make a small cut just below the bellybutton. If any part of the intestine pokes through, it will be put back where it belongs. The doctor will use stitches to close the hernia. They’ll also sew the skin under the navel to give it an “innie” look. Then, the cut will be sealed with surgical glue that’ll hold the edges of the wound together. It’ll come off by itself once the site heals.

After the procedure, your child will stay at the hospital while they recover from the anesthesia. Most kids can go home a few hours later.

Complications from umbilical hernias aren’t common. If the hernia becomes incarcerated, the tissue can begin to die or cause pain. This is a serious complication that can cause infection in the abdominal cavity and even death.

Adults are more likely to have an intestinal blockage as a complication of a trapped hernia. If you have a blockage, you’ll need emergency surgery.

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