The Four Levels of #ProstateCancer Treatment Intensity | #markscholzmd #alexscholz @ThePCRI

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In this video, medical oncologist, Mark Scholz, MD, explains the terminology used to categorize the four major categories of treatment for prostate cancer. Dr. Scholz explains "active surveillance," "local therapies" (to the prostate itself), "systemic therapies" (for the whole body), and "combination therapy" which can involve any combination of local and systemic therapies.

0:25 What is "active surveillance" and who is eligible for it?

2:49 How does a patient seek out a targeted biopsy if their doctor recommends the older random 12-14 core biopsy?

3:43 What is the meaning of "local treatments" and what are the different types of local treatment?

5:01 How is the Gleason score relevant to treatment selection?

5:53 What are systemic therapies?

7:32 what are the side effects of the different systemic therapies used in prostate cancer care?

8:57 How severe are the side effects of chemotherapy in prostate cancer?

9:58 What are some examples of combination therapy in prostate cancer, and when would it be used?

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The Prostate Cancer Research Institute (PCRI) is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization that is dedicated to helping you research your treatment options. We understand that you have many questions, and we can help you find the answers that are specific to your case. All of our resources are designed by a multidisciplinary team of advocates and expert physicians, for patients. We believe that by educating yourself about the disease, you will have more productive interactions with your medical professionals and receive better individualized care. Feel free to explore our website at or contact our free helpline with any questions that you have at Our Federal Tax ID # is 95-4617875 and qualifies for maximum charitable gift deductions by individual donors.

The information on the Prostate Cancer Research Institute's YouTube channel is provided with the understanding that the Institute is not engaged in rendering medical advice or recommendation. The information provided in these videos should not replace consultations with qualified health care professionals to meet your individual medical needs.

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