Status Epilepticus (Seizure Disorder)| Types| Pathophysiology| Treatment| Management| Made Easy

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▪ Status Epilepticus is a seizure disorder. This video will help you to know about different types, causes, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of status epilepticus. You also come to know about various drugs used for treatment of status epilepticus.
▪ Status epilepticus (SE) is a common neurologic emergency that is associated with brain damage and death. Status Epilepticus is defined as, continuous seizure activity, that last for more than five minutes, or two or more seizures without complete recovery of consciousness.
▪ SE can present as generalized convulsive status epilepticus (GCSE) and non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE).
▪ Seizures occur when the excitatory neurotransmission overcomes inhibitory impulses in one or more brain regions. While the exact cellular mechanisms are unknown, it appears that seizure initiation is caused by an imbalance between excitatory glutamate and inhibitory GABA neurotransmission.
▪ Electroencephalography or EEG test, is required to identify status epilepticus, in comatose patient. EEG monitoring should be used in patients who remain unconscious after initial anti-epileptic treatment, and, those receiving long tern paralytic agents. CT scan and MRI scans, are useful to identify traumatic injury, or any evidence of infection as the cause of status epilepticus.
▪ The initial approach to SE, involves removing the patient from harmful surroundings, and ensuring maintenance of airways, breathing and circulation. Benzodiazepines are the preferred initial drugs to stop acute seizure activity.

Chapters:
0:00 - Status Epilepticus(seizure disorder)
0:19 - Types of Status Epilepticus
0:48 - Causes (etiology) of Status Epilepticus
1:24 - Pathophysiology of Status Epilepticus
2:22 - Signs and Symptoms of Status Epilepticus
3:02 - Diagnosis of Status Epilepticus
3:34 - Treatment of Status Epilepticus
4:09 - Management of Status Epilepticus

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