Ebola Virus Disease: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention



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Ebola Virus Disease: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention.
Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, which is a rare and fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates like; gorillas, monkeys, and chimpanzees.
Ebola is caused by a virus from the group of viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) viruses. Other viruses from this group include; Marburg virus, Dengue Fever, Lassa Fever and, Yellow Fever.
Types of Ebola Virus Disease Species;
Ebola virus (species Zaire ebolavirus).
Bundibugyo virus (species Bundibugyo ebolavirus).
Taï Forest virus (species Taï Forest ebolavirus, formerly Côte d’Ivoire ebolavirus).
Sudan virus (species Sudan ebolavirus).
What are the symptoms of Ebola?
Dry symptoms;
• Fever
• Weakness
• Muscle pain
• Headache
• Sore throat
Wet symptoms;
• Diarrhea
• Vomiting
Other symptoms;
• Loss of appetite
• Abdominal pains
• Red eyes
• Skin rash
• Hiccups
• Chest pains
• Difficulty breathing
• Swallowing
Later stage;
• Bleeding from;
• Eyes, ears, nose & mouth
• Rectum
• Shock and, multi-organ failure
How is Ebola treated?
• No cure exists
• Generally, the treatment of Ebola is supportive which can significantly improve chances of survival
• Providing fluids and electrolytes orally or intravenously
• Medication to support blood pressure, reduce vomiting and diarrhea, and to manage fever and pain.
• In 2020, Two monoclonal antibodies (Inmazeb and Ebanga) were approved for the treatment of Zaire ebolavirus (Ebolavirus) infection in adults and children by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
How are outbreaks prevented and controlled?
• Practice careful hygiene
• The proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE) greatly reduces this risk.
• Care and isolation of patients, to prevent further spread and save lives
• Avoidance of contact with bats and non-human primates or blood, fluids, and raw meat prepared from these animals
• Do not handle items that may have come in contact with an infected person's blood or body fluids
• Community engagement and health promotion, to build community understanding of Ebola and participation in implementing necessary interventions
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