Dry Eye Causes and Treatment

Dry eyes are a very common complaint when tear production is not able to provide adequate eye lubrication. Tears can be inadequate or unstable for many reasons leading to dry eyes, but in order to understand how this may occur as well as what treatments may be helpful, normal tear creation must first be understood. Tears are actually quite complex composed of 3 different layers secreted by different glands and tissues. There is the oily outermost lipid layer. The water-like middle aqueous layer. And finally the innermost mucin layer. The video will go over all 3 layers of the tear film and how they help prevent dry eyes. Given the information provided, treatment strategies are also provided.

Common recommended lubricating eye drops:
Systane Complete PF: https://amzn.to/3bXpZqt
Blink Tears: https://amzn.to/3bWQTyF
Refresh Optive: https://amzn.to/3c6QSbL
Soothe XP: https://amzn.to/3IuvysL

If Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) suspected:
Ocusoft Retaine MGD: https://amzn.to/3NWiuNU

Allergy eye drops:
Zaditor: https://amzn.to/3nPJJz0
Pataday: https://amzn.to/3NXusqk

Eye drops which are rarely (if ever) recommended to treat dry eyes (may actually make dry eyes worse!):
Clear Eyes, Visine, Naphcon-A

3 Layer of Tear Film (0:19)
Aqueous Layer Production (0:36)
Lipid Layer Production (0:46)
Mucin Layer Production (1:56)
Treatment with Eye Drops (2:23)
Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (3:00)

Produced by Dr. Chang who does not evaluate causes of dry eyes, but refers patients to ophthalmology. This animation produced for educational purposes only.

Animation created with Dr. Stacy Smith of Utah Eye Surgery:

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As an Amazon Affiliate, a small commission may be received for eligible products.

Some Animation Sequences Derived From:
Lipiflow Thermal Pulsation System to Treat Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (Johnson & Johnson)

Music Background:
Dreams Become Real by Kevin MacLeod is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Source: http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?isrc=USUAN1500027
Artist: http://incompetech.com/

#dryeyes #dryeye #dryeyesyndrome #mgd #meibomiangland
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