ജീവിതത്തിൽ വാത രോഗങ്ങൾ വരാതിരിക്കുവാനും വാതം പൂർണ്ണമായും മാറാനും /Dr Jolly Thomson



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ജീവിതത്തിൽ വാത രോഗങ്ങൾ വരാതിരിക്കുവാനും വാതം പൂർണ്ണമായും മാറാനും /Dr Jolly Thomson
Often grouped under the term “arthritis,” rheumatic diseases are autoimmune and inflammatory diseases that cause your immune system to attack your joints, muscles, bones, and organs.

Rheumatic diseases, including most forms of arthritis and spondyloarthropathies (inflammatory spinal conditions), are usually painful, chronic, and progressive, which means they get worse over time.

Early diagnosis and treatment can slow the progression of many rheumatic diseases.

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According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), there are more than 100 rheumatic diseases. (1)

Among the most common rheumatic diseases are:

Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) AS is a common type of spondyloarthritis (a type of arthritis arthritis that attacks the spine, and in some people, the joints of the arms and legs, according to the American College of Rheumatology. (2) Nonradiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) is a related condition in which the disease causes symptoms including lower back pain but unlike ankylosing spondyloarthritis, there is no visible damage on X-rays, notes CreakyJoints. (3)
Fibromylagia Fibromyalgia is a rheumatic disorder known for causing widespread pain, sleep problems, fatigue, and problems with memory or concentration, per the Mayo Clinic. (4)
Gout Gout is a form of arthritis characterized by the accumulation of urate crystals in a joint — often the large joint of your big toe — causing swelling and pain, according to the Mayo Clinic. (5)
Infectious Arthritis A sudden and painful form of arthritis brought on by a viral or bacterial infection, infectious arthritis can quickly and permanently damage joints. (6,7)
Lupus Lupus is a systemic autoimmune disease that occurs when your body’s immune system attacks your own tissues and organs, causing damage to joints and organs, per the Mayo Clinic. (8)
Osteoarthritis (OA) The most common form of arthritis, OA is an age-related disease that destroys cartilage and bone, causing pain and in some cases disability, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (9)
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) An inflammatory type of arthritis affecting some people who have psoriasis, PsA primarily affects the skin and joints, notes the Arthritis Foundation. (10)
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) RA is an autoimmune and inflammatory disease that occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks your own body’s tissues, causing painful swelling, according to the Arthritis Foundation. (11)
Signs and Symptoms of Rheumatic Diseases
Different types of rheumatic disease have different symptoms.

The following are some of the most common symptoms of arthritis and rheumatic diseases:

Joint Pain
Swelling of a joint or joints
Joint stiffness that lasts for at least one hour in the early morning
Chronic pain or tenderness in a joint or joints
Warmth or redness in a joint area
Limited movement in an affected joint or joints
Fatigue
In addition, some rheumatic diseases are characterized by specific symptoms. For example, the majority of lupus patients will experience some form of skin rash along with joint pain with inflammation and fatigue.
Causes and Risk Factors of Rheumatic Diseases
Experts don’t know what causes most types of rheumatic disease, However Johns Hopkins Medicine notes that researchers believe some or all of the following may play a role, depending on the type of rheumatic disease: (13)

Genes and family history
Environmental triggers
Lifestyle choices
Infection
Trauma
Metabolic problems
Wear and tear or stress on a joint or joints
Genetics are thought to play a role in the development of ankylosing spondylitis, fibromyalgia, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis.
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